The ICREAs

ICREA research professors form a vibrant community of scientists and researchers in all areas of knowledge that contribute to the advancement of humankind by exploring, interpreting and questioning. Have a look and learn about their amazing discoveries and findings here:

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  • Cau Ontiveros, Miguel Ángel

    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)

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    Cau Ontiveros, Miguel Ángel

    Research Professor at
    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    I am a Mediterranean archaeologist with a major focus on Roman and Late Antique Archaeology, and in pottery studies especially in the analysis of coarse and cooking wares. One of my main interests is to investigate the transformation of the Roman world with a particular interest in Mediterranean islands. I am scientific director of excavations, surveys, and ceramic ethnoarchaeology expeditions in the Balearics and Sardinia. I am leading the excavations at the Roman and Late Antique city of Pollentia and the Early Christian complexes of Son Peretó (Mallorca) and Illa del Rei (Menorca). I have specialised in the study of archaeological ceramics to investigate their provenance, technology, distribution and consumption using physico-chemical, mineralogical and petrographic techniques. I have a broad interest in the analytical study of ceramic materials including the theoretical foundations of the discipline and in the study of living pottery-making traditions.

    Key words

    archaeology, archaeometry, ethnoarchaeometry, ceramics, cooking wares, coarse wares, Late Antiquity, Roman, Mediterranean, island systems, Balearics, complex societies.

    ORCID

    : orcid.org/0000-0002-1138-157X

    RESEARCHER ID

    : M-2062-2014

  • Cerutti, Andrea

    Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM)

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    Cerutti, Andrea

    Research Professor at
    Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    The splenic marginal zone and gut mucosa can be viewed as interfaces between the immune system and the circulation or external environment, respectively. My group studies how B cells strategically positioned in these "frontline" areas make antibodies against circulating or intraluminal antigens, including intestinal microbes. We are particularly interested in the mechanism whereby splenic stromal cells or splenic innate immune cells, including neutrophils, dendritic cells, macrophages and innate lymphoid cells, facilitate the activation of splenic marginal zone B cells. We are also analyzing how intestinal B cells generate antibodies to commensal bacteria and how these antibodies shape the composition of the gut microbiota. Finally, we study the alterations of B cells in patients with primary antibody deficiency, including selective IgA deficiency and common variable deficiency. Our research is relevant to infections, inflammation, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency, and vaccine development.

    Key words

    B cells, Immunoglobulins, Heavy Chain Class Switching, Mucosal Immunity
  • Chang, Darrick

    Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO)

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    Chang, Darrick

    Research Professor at
    Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    The research of Prof. Chang and his Theoretical Quantum Nanophotonics group at ICFO is based upon a vision that quantum effects are at the forefront of future technologies and discoveries, and that nanophotonic systems will be a prominent platform for this frontier. Specifically, they aim to harness the unique configurability, large optical forces, and strong light-matter interaction strengths achievable in nanophotonic systems to produce new applications and phenomena involving matter and light, which have no analogue in macroscopic setups. The group also develops theoretical techniques that enable a better understanding of the complex phenomena at play. The work is highly inter-disciplinary, and the group explores the potential impact across atomic physics, quantum optics, nonlinear optics, nano-mechanics, low-dimensional materials, and quantum information science. They also collaborate with leading experimental groups to bring their theoretical ideas toward reality.

    Key words

    atomic physics, quantum optics

    ORCID

    : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5426-7339

  • Chillón Rodríguez, Miguel

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)

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    Chillón Rodríguez, Miguel

    Research Professor at
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    Medicine still has many challenges to solve specially on complex diseases where a large number of both, genetic and environmental factors, are involved. Among them, autoimmune disorders have attracted attention because there are no effective curative treatments for them. Some of these autoimmune diseases affect the central nervous system, which in addition, is difficult to access and to manipulate with classical pharmacological treatments. To address these problems we have focused our research interests in three main objectives: (1) gene therapy strategies for autoimmune diseases; (2) gene therapy strategies for diseases affecting the nervous system, such as neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders, and (3) development of more efficient and less immunogenic viral vectors.

    Key words

    Gene therapy, viral vectors, Alzheimer disease, aging, neurodegenerative diseases;mechanisms of memory formation; autoimmune diseases ; Multiple sclerosis

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-0840-2111

  • Christou, Paul

    Universitat de Lleida (UdL)

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    Christou, Paul

    Research Professor at
    Universitat de Lleida (UdL)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    Our programs rely on our unique multi-gene/multi-pathway engineering capabilities to generate plants with high value recombinant pharmaceuticals for human health and veterinary medicine; cereals with enhanced nutrition, and novel strategies of sustainable agriculture with emphasis on developing countries, poverty alleviation and food security. More recently we established 3 active collaborations with industry which have led to one patent application filed in Nov 2017 (in the process of being licensed to an industrial collaborator) and 2 other patent applications in preparation. A recent major focus is plant synthetic biology and genome editing. Our group is involved in training and capacity building in plant biotechnology focusing on developing countries. We also develop tools, methodology and a comprehensive understanding of the essential mechanisms underpinning the creation and performance of genome edited plants for the application of synthetic biology to major crops.

    Key words

    Applied plant biotechnology. plant molecular biology, cereal crop biotechnology, developing country applications, food security, metabolic engineering, molecular pharming, biotic and abiotic stress tolerance
  • Clements, Rebekah E

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)

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    Clements, Rebekah E

    Research Professor at
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    Rebekah is a historian of Japan, specializing in the Tokugawa period (1600-1868). Her research focuses on language, society, and the characteristics of Japanese early modernity, as understood in the broader context of East Asia. She is currently working on the linguistic and religious networks of exchange that linked seventeenth and early eighteenth century Japanese elites with Chinese and Korean exiles present in Japan following the Imjin War.of 1592-1598 and the fall of the Ming Dynasty. This work takes place within her project funded by the European Research Council, "The Aftermath of the East Asian War of 1592-1598".

    Key words

    17th-19th century East Asia, East Asian networks, Cultural history of early modern Japan, History of translation, roots of cultural nationalism

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-2597-0882