Zilhão, JoãoResearch Professor at
Universitat de Barcelona (UB )
The Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe has been the focus of my research for the last 15 years. This research interest has led to fieldwork at different sites, namely: (a) the Lagar Velho rock-shelter (Portugal) and its burial of an early modern human child with diagnostic Neandertal features (skeletal evidence of interbreeding at the time of Neandertal/modern contact in Europe); (b) the Gruta da Oliveira (Almonda karstic system, Portugal), where ongoing work has already exposed 11 m of deposits spanning the ~35-70 ka cal BP interval; (c) the Pestera cu Oase (Romania), site of Europe's oldest modern humans; (d) Cueva Antón (Murcia, Spain), with Mousterian painted and perforated marine shell ornaments that proved the behavioral modernity of the last Neandertals. My current research focuses on documenting the late persistence of the Neandertals in Iberian regions located to the south of the Ebro drainage and its ecological and cultural underpinnings.
Key wordsPalaeolithic Archaeology