The ICREAs

ICREA research professors form a vibrant community of scientists and researchers in all areas of knowledge that contribute to the advancement of humankind by exploring, interpreting and questioning. Have a look and learn about their amazing discoveries and findings here:

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  • Yaroshchuk, Andriy

    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)

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    Yaroshchuk, Andriy

    Research Professor at
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics

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    Research interests

    The keyword is behaviour of fluids at nano-scale. I study the transfer of ions and water molecules through nano-metric (tens of nanometers) barrier layers of composite nanofiltration membranes. Another example is the transfer of ions and water through nano-porous track-etched membranes having identical cylindrical pores. I also study processes of current-induced concentration polarization of nano-/micro-interfaces where concentration polarization is strongly-coupled to electroosmosis and fine separation of solutes like peptides can occur. Recently, I discovered that a layered structure consisting of a micro-perforated ion-exchange membrane and a nanoporous layer can have very interesting properties useful for AC electroosmotic pumping . Another topic is experimental and theoretical studies of ion transfer across polyelectrolyte multilayers where we have recently discovered very high (>1000) selectivities in the electrically-driven transfer of ions of different charge magnitudes.

    Key words

    nanofluidics, electrokinetics, electrochemistry, membrane, nanofiltration, colloid

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-6364-6840

    RESEARCHER ID

    : L-5955-2014

  • Zabala, Santiago

    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)

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    Zabala, Santiago

    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Humanities

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    Research interests

    Zabala's research focus in three areas each of which have generated several authored and edited books and Journals: ontology, political philosophy, and aesthetics. All these three areas are studied following the hermeneutic principle according to which truth is not an objective goal that philosophy must submit to, but rather the effect of the conflict of interpretations. Following the work of Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Gianni Vattimo Zabala has emphasized the ontological nature of hermeneutics in order to demonstrate the danger of truth impositions for religious and political emancipation. The problem of emergency has been at the center of his research this past years in relation to politics, society, and art. His next books, essays, and articles will be on the problem of freedom in this age of so called alternative facts to demostrate, once again, how there are no facts, but only interpretations as Nietzsche once said. 

    Key words

    Philosophical hermeneutics, philosophy of religion, aesthetics, and political philosophy
  • Zilhão, João

    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)

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    Zilhão, João

    Research Professor at
    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)
    Humanities

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    Research interests

    The Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition in Europe has been the focus of my research for the last 20 years. This research interest has led to fieldwork at different sites, namely: (a) the Lagar Velho rock-shelter (Portugal) and its burial of an early modern human child with diagnostic Neandertal features (skeletal evidence of interbreeding at the time of Neandertal/modern contact in Europe); (b) the Gruta da Oliveira (Almonda karstic system, Portugal), where fieldwork exposed 13 m of deposit spanning the ~35-105 ka interval; (c) the Pestera cu Oase (Romania), site of Europe's oldest modern humans; (d) Cueva Antón (Murcia, Spain), with its Mousterian painted/perforated Pecten shell. My current focus lies on documenting the behavioral modernity of the last Neandertals and the ecological and cultural underpinnings of their late persistence in Iberian regions located to the south of the Ebro drainage.

    Key words

    Palaeolithic Archaeology

    ORCID

    : 0000-0001-5937-3061

    RESEARCHER ID

    : L-5670-2014

  • Ziveri, Patrizia

    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)

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    Ziveri, Patrizia

    Research Professor at
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics

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    Research interests

    Global environmental change on marine ecosystems, ecology, and biogeochemistry at various time scales and complexity is a key theme of her research, focusing on multidisciplinary investigation of marine calcifying groups at the base of the food web. With her work on the ocean in a high CO2 world, she is linking the CO2 dynamics, climate change and marine organisms in target regions. Interest on pressing threats to marine systems has led to developing research on ocean acidification (OA) in Africa and in the North Pacific on both OA  and the cycle of microplastics. The study of marine litter and microplastics in Mediterranean island coastlines is an emerging topic in her research group and a new clean laboratory for microplastic studies opened this year at ICTA-UAB. These changes can disturb the capacity of marine systems to provide ecosystem services, thereby affecting economic activities and human welfare.

    Key words

    climate and global change, high CO2 ocean, calcifying plankton, marine micropaleontology, biogeochemistry, marine microplastics

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