The ICREAs

ICREA research professors form a vibrant community of scientists and researchers in all areas of knowledge that contribute to the advancement of humankind by exploring, interpreting and questioning. Have a look and learn about their amazing discoveries and findings here:

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    Pepa Toribio
    Toribio Mateas, Josefa
    Research Professor at
    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    My goal in philosophy has long been the same: to explore the nature of the mind within a naturalistic framework. What is most distinctive of my research is my ongoing effort to respect scientific findings about mental phenomena while insisting on the critical importance of the method of analysis and the theoretical tools provided by analytic philosophy. My current research focuses on the analysis of central topics in the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of cognitive science, with a special emphasis on the philosophy of perception and rationally responsive unconscious mental states such as implicit attitudes.

    Key words

    Philosophy of Mind, Epistemology, Philosophy of Cognitive Science

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-5180-6755

    RESEARCHER ID

    : AAA-9756-2020
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    Juan Manuel Toro
    Toro, Juan Manuel
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Social & Behavioural Sciences
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    Research interests

    I am interested in studying why complex abilities such as those involved in language and music, have only emerged in humans and not in other animals. I tackle this issue using a combination of experimental techniques and populations that include human adults and infants, and non-human animals. Our studies have demonstrated that some of the building blocks of language learning and music processing are found in other animals, including the abilitiy to extract information from speech using prosodic and statistical regularities. We have also showed how phonological representations guide general learning mechanisms. In the field of music cognition, our research has explored consonance processing, brain entraintment to metrical structures and harmonic predictions. Through this work, I have tried to unveil what is uniquely human and what is shared with other animals.

    Key words

    Comparative Cognition; Language processing; Music cognition; Speech

    ORCID

    : http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5336-5658

    RESEARCHER ID

    : F-3933-2010
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    David Torrents
    Torrents Arenales, David
    Research Professor at
    Barcelona Supercomputing Center - Centro Nacional de Supercomputación (BSC-CNS)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    Genomes are the central molecules of life because they carry all the information necessary for the development, the survival and the reproduction of all organisms.  Over the lasts 20 years, the study of the genome in a biomedical context has provided valuable information about the genetic and molecular basis of diseases. Current sequencing of DNA allows the incorporation of the genome analysis as an integrated and regular protocol within the health-care system, resulting in a Precision Medicine, where the genomic information will be determinant for a more accurate diagnosis and for the selection of a more precise treatment. In this context, our group and my research activity is focused on the design and implementation of analysis protocols, including artificial intelligence approaches to, ultimately, improve our understanding of the relationship between genomic variation and disease, and to generate the basis for more precise medical care.  

    Key words

    Genomics, Bioinformatics, Cancer Genomics, Genetics, Complex Diseases, Personalized Medicine

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-6086-9037

    RESEARCHER ID

    : G-5785-2015
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    Diego Torres
    Torres, Diego F.
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (CSIC - ICE)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    The familiar sights of peacefully shining stars would be replaced by something extreme and variable should you look with gamma-ray eyes. You would be glancing at the most energetic phenomena known in astrophysics: accreting masses around black holes, pulsars, close binaries, regions of stellar formation, explosions of supernovae, and others. I develop theoretical models for these scenarios, and test them with observations using ground-based telescopes and satellites. My research focuses on compact objects and cosmic rays. My earlier research includes gravitation and cosmology; particularly, scalar-tensor theories and non-minimal couplings, scalar dark matter, boson stars, gravitational lensing, and wormholes. I published several papers on all these topics. My research group hosted about 40 scientists since its foundation in 2006. You can know more about all this, including links to my publications, from my webpage,  https://sites.google.com/view/dft-research

    Key words

    high energy astrophysics, astronomy, cosmic-rays, gamma-rays, neutrinos

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-1522-9065

    RESEARCHER ID

    : O-9422-2016
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    Xavier Trepat
    Trepat, Xavier
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC)
    Engineering Sciences
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    Research interests

    We aim at understanding how physical forces and molecular control modules cooperate to drive biological function. We develop new technologies to map and perturb the main physical properties that determine how cells and tissues grow, move, invade and remodel. By combining this physical information with systematic molecular perturbations and computational models we explore the principles that govern the interplay between chemical and physical cues in living tissues. We study how these principles are regulated in physiology and development, and how they are derailed in cancer.

    Key words

    Biophysics, Biomechanics, Cell Migration, Nanotechnology, Biomaterials

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-7621-5214

    RESEARCHER ID

    : I-3912-2015
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    Isabel Usón
    Usón Finkenzeller, Isabel
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Biologia Molecular de Barcelona (CSIC - IBMB)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    Macromolecular crystallography provides conclusive structural info down to atomic detail and has been inextricable from major advances in the life sciences. Recently, electron diffraction and microscopy as well as accurate modelling are joining crystallography in the atomic resolutino scene and we are exploiting the oportunities this new techniques open. Our group develops methods to exploit the stereochemical knowledge present in small, accurate units such as secondary structure fragments and their association into local folds. Their use to solve the central phase problem of crystallography is implemented in our software ARCIMBOLDO. This has required devising our own particular toolbox for fragments. We are extending this detailed view to map interpretation within the program SHELXE (Sheldrick) and general structure interpretation within our program BORGES_MATRIX. Also, we are extending our work into electron diffraction. As illustrated in paintings by G. Arcimboldo, the information content derived from a correct combination of fragments goes beyond their simple addition.

    Key words

    Crystallography, phasing, refinement, computational methods, problem structures