Peydró is ICREA Professor at UPF and CREI, Professor at Barcelona GSE, CEPR Research Fellow, Bundesbank Research Professor, CEMFI Research Fellow, advisor of Bank of Spain, consultant in several central banks, and independent board member at Institut Català de les Finances (ICF). He was member of the advisory scientific committee at the European Systemic Risk Board and held visiting positions at Banque de France, Becker Friedman Institute at Chicago University, MIT-Sloan, IMF and World Bank. Peydró is recipient of an ERC Consolidator grant, a ECB Wim Duisenberg Fellowship, a senior Houblon-Norman Fellowship (Bank of England), three MINECO grants and a Fundación BBVA grant. Peydró teaches at Barcelona GSE and Imperial College. As of December 2020, Peydró is number 4 in the world in research impact for economists who finished their PhD in 2005 and number 1 over the last 10 years for Spanish economists (in Spain or abroad) based on Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) data.
Peydró specializes in Finance and Macroeconomics, mainly on systemic risk, financial crises, endogenous risk, central bank policies, monetary and prudential policy, financial globalization, financial contagion, financial innovation, macroeconomics and credit markets, banking, fintech, capital and liquidity. He is also working on the effects of financial distress on households' welfare. His research has been published in the top-5 journals in economics: Econometrica (lead article), American Economic Review and Journal of Political Economy, and in the top-3 journals on finance (Review of Financial Studies, Journal of Finance, and Journal of Financial Economics). He has also co-written the book Systemic Risk, Crises and Macroprudential Policy (MIT Press, 2015) and several book chapters such as in the Oxford Handbook of Banking (OUP, 2009) or in Finance and Investment: The European Case, (OUP, 2018).