The ICREAs

ICREA Research Professors form a vibrant community of scientists and researchers in all areas of knowledge that contribute to the advancement of humankind by exploring, interpreting and questioning. Have a look and learn about their amazing discoveries and findings here:

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    Giuseppe Battaglia
    Battaglia, Giuseppe
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Bioenginyeria de Catalunya (IBEC)
    Engineering Sciences
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    Research interests

    I have put together a truly interdisciplinary collection of research activities where we address biological challenges (often associated with a specific clinical need) using a constructionist approach. I have christened this approach Molecular Bionics and I mimic biological complexity in the form of design principles to produce functional units from simple building blocks and their interactions. We employ Chemistry and Physics together to engineer synthesis and characterisation of novel hierarchal materials whose properties are the result of the holistic combination of its components (Molecular Engineering). We apply these for tackling clinical challenges associated with drug delivery and diagnostics where we engange with clinicians to design new therapies (Nanomedicine). We study in detail transport phenomena in our body to shed light on how material is tranported and processed as well as biological barrer can be overcame (Physical Biology).

    Key words

    Nanomedicine, drug delivery, polymersomes, block copolymer, biomaterials, physical biology, endocytosis, targeting, active matter, polymer synthesis

    ORCID

    : orcid.org/0000-0003-3349-6770

    RESEARCHER ID

    : I-2142-2013
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    Miguel Beistegui
    Beistegui, Miguel
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    My work of the last five years has focused on the concept of desire as:

    1. an instrument of liberal governmentality.  In that context, I look at desire from a genealogical perpsective and claim that, in the liberal age, desire is understood and experienced as a. economic self-interest and utility; b. sexuality; c. social and political recognition.  I therefore define the liberal subject, the origins of which I trace back to a period extending between the end of the 18th and the middle of the 19th century, as the homo economicus, the homo sexualis, and the homo symbolicus.  I show how many of today's social and political struggles, as well as the way in which we understand and experience who we are, stem from such a complex and normative process of subjectivation, and the various ways in which those three pillars of liberalism interact. See Miguel de Beistegui, The Government of Desire: A Genealogy of the Liberal Subject.

    2. an alternative practice of the self, in response to the more critical approach adopted in The Government of Desire.  Rather than abandon the concept of desire altogether, I retain it as indicative of our power to become a different type of subject: politically (this leads me to a conception of anarchy as minimising relations of power), erotically (this leads me to a conception of love that bypasses the normativity of the analytic of sexuality), and ontologically (as a way of defining ourselves not in relation to a fixed identity, but to our ability to become someone or something else).  Desire, I claim, is this 'unease' that defines our relation to the world, indicative of a form of life that is not simply conservative, but also creative.  See Miguel de Bestegui, Le désir, encore... (forthcoming, 2020) and The Tangled Knot of Desire: Lacan, Genealogy, History (under review).

    Key words

    Desire, Governmentality, Liberalism and Neoliberalism, Genealogy, Subjectivity.
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    Carme Belarte
    Belarte Franco, Maria Carme
    Research Professor at
    Institut Català d'Arqueologia Clàssica (ICAC)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    The general goal of my research is to study the processes that transformed the Late Bronze Age local-scale groups into the complex societies of the Western Mediterranean Iron Age. My research topics include urbanization, state formation, architecture, funerary practices and rituals. My current research focuses on the study of Iron Age societies through the analysis of domestic space. In 2020 I have started the project Transdisciplinary and experimental study of combustion structures in the western Mediterranean during protohistory. It aims to implement an interdisciplinary methodology to the study of fire installations in the Iron Age Western Mediterranean societies, that integrates specialities such as bioarchaeology or geoarchaeology, as well as experimental archaeology. It is expected that information on daily activities such as diet, fuels, natural resources management or rituals related to fire will be enhanced.

    Key words

    Protohistoric societies, Iron Age, Western Mediterranean, domestic architecture, experimental archaeology, building techniques, town planning, settlement patterns, archaeology of death and rituals, combustion structures

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-2293-0482
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    Verònica Benet
    Benet-Martínez, Verónica
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Social & Behavioural Sciences
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    Research interests

    Using observational and experimental research designs and different types of data (survey, behavioral, social network) I examine the following issues: ACCULTURATION/MULTICULTURALISM: Dynamics and socio-cognitive correlates of managing two or more cultural affiliations and identities; Individual differences in bicultural identity structure; Biculturalism and social-networks; Consequences of biculturalism (social, cognitive, and adjustment-related). CULTURE AND PERSONALITY/SELF-CONCEPT: Identification and measurement of culture-specific and -general personality constructs; Interplay of cultural values and personality in predicting well-being; Bilingualism and self-schemas. CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH METHODS: Cultural/linguistic issues in the development and adaptation of psychological scales and tests; Combined emic-etic methodology.

    Key words

    Cross/Cultural Psychology; Social Psychology; Personality Psychology;

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-3352-9731

    RESEARCHER ID

    : B-5398-2011
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    Jens Biegert
    Biegert, Jens
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    Our research in attosecond science accesses the natural time scale of electronic motion, thus providing a unique tool to study the dynamic behaviour of the quantum world within atoms molecules and solids. Presently, we are witnessing an amazing convergence of attosecond physics, ultrafast x-ray science and xray free-electron laser research to address fundamental problems across physics, chemistry and material science with revolutionary new tools and methodologies. The power of these investigations with attosecond soft x-ray pulses and quantum microscopy with single electrons is the ability to investigate fundamental problems such as molecular isomerization, energy harvesting, or e.g. superconductivity. 

    Key words

    attoscience, ultrafast dynamics, strong field physics, atomic and molecular physics, laser science, nonlinear optics, parametric interaction, soft X-ray, electron ion spectroscopy

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-7556-501X

    RESEARCHER ID

    : D-2243-2009
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    Bart Bijnens
    Bijnens, Bart
    Research Professor at
    Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS)
    Engineering Sciences
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    Research interests

    Translational Cardiovascular Pathophysiology, focussing on assessing cardiac function and understanding changes induced by disease and how treatment can modulate this remodelling. This is approached by integrating information handling and computing, combined with basic pathophysiology knowledge in order to advance clinical sciences. This implies an approach from basic understanding of disease towards a clinical study; selecting/designing appropriate investigational tools to assess relevant clinical parameters; quantifying diagnostic information (from clinical information to imaging data) to extract pertinent information and interpreting results and relate them to pathophysiology. Recent projects include the combination of computational modelling with interpretable machine learning in order to find easy to implement/deploy techniques for the identification of patients at risk for adverse events, as well as to improve our understanding of disease and decission making.

    Key words

    Cardiac Imaging, Cardiovascular Dynamics, Cardiac Function and Deformation

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-3130-6937

    RESEARCHER ID

    : C-2955-2008