Els ICREA

Els professors d'investigació ICREA formen una comunitat dinàmica de científics i investigadors de totes les àrees del coneixement, que contribueixen al progrés de la humanitat amb els seus estudis, interpretacions i preguntes. Entreu i descobriu-ne els increïbles descobriments i troballes:

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    Cabot, Andreu
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Recerca en Energia de Catalunya (IREC)
    Engineering Sciences
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    Research interests

    My research focuses on the design, production and manipulation of nanocrystals and nanomaterials, their functional characterization and their technological application in the energy field. I use solution-based processes to produce these nanocrystals and to assemble them to the macroscale. Solution-based methods allow both a unique control over composition and crystal phase at the nanometer scale and a high versatility in the development of socially and economically-relevant technologies. From an application point of view, I have centered my work in the development of materials for energy conversion and storage. In particular, my group develops solution-processed thermoelectric nanocomposites from the bottom-up assembly of colloidal nanocrystals, catalysts and photocatalysts and electrode materials for fuel cells and batteries.

    Key words

    Nanomaterials, nanotechnology, energy, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, catalysis, photocatalysis, colloids
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    Cabré Vilagut, Xavier
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    My research field is the mathematical analysis of Partial Differential Equations. These equations arise in mathematical physics, differential geometry, finance, and biology. My focus is on elliptic and parabolic equations, and on the analytical understanding of the regularity, symmetry, and other qualitative properties of their solutions. This often involves the use of geometric tools such as isoperimetric inequalities, whose study is an important part of my research. My main current project concerns a recently flourishing area: reaction problems for fractional diffusions associated to jump or Lévy processes. These are the so called 'anomalous diffusions', well noticed in the last decades in some reaction and biological fronts, as well as in mathematical finance.

    Key words

    Partial differential equations, reaction-diffusion problems, fractional diffusions, isoperimetric and Sobolev inequalities

    ORCID

    : 0000-0001-5682-3135

    RESEARCHER ID

    : L-2727-2014
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    Cáceres Aguilar, Mario
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    The genomic revolution has unveiled extraordinary possibilities unthought-of before. In particular, we are interested in understanding genomic structural variation and gene-expression changes, and how they relate to individual and species differences. To address these questions, we use humans as a model and take a multidisciplinary approach that combines experimental and bioinformatic analysis of the great wealth of data available, generating results of interest to many diverse fields. Our main line of research is the global analysis of polymorphic inversions in the human genome, which aims to investigate the biological significance of one of the less known types of variants in humans. This ranges from the development of new methods for inversion study and the first database of human polymorphic inversions, to the characterization of their population distribution, functional effects and selection signatures, as a way to ultimately determine their contribution to complex traits.

    Key words

    Genetics, Genomics, Human, Evolution, Structural variants, Gene expression

    ORCID

    : 0000-0002-7736-3251

    RESEARCHER ID

    : A-6379-2009
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    Calsamiglia Costa, Caterina
    Research Professor at
    Institute for Political Economy and Governance (IPEG)
    Social & Behavioural Sciences
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    Research interests

    Her research focuses on Public Economics with an emphasis on school choice, educational policies, affirmative action, measurement of non-cognitive skills and welfare economics in general. Her work includes theoretical, experimental and empirical analysis.

    Key words

    Education, Data, Theory, Mechanism Design, School Choice, Non cognitive measurements

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-2079-7179

    RESEARCHER ID

    : K-4009-2014
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    Casal Ribas, Paula
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    My main field is distributive justice, a part of political philosophy that examines how social institutions should distribute benefits and burdens. This requires assessing general principles (including equality, priority, and sufficiency) as well as policy responses (such as taxation and public spending proposals) to specific problems like gender inequality, local and global poverty or climate change. I have written on some particular problems, such as those involving gender, nonhuman animals, personhood, or the distinction between natural and social inequality from a biologically-informed perspective. I have also written about how to distribute the costs of child-rearing, sea-access for landlocked states, the moral limits on religious and cultural accommodation, xenotransplantation and the distinction medical ethicists draw between therapy and enhancement. 

     

    Key words

    National and international distributive justice, future generations, climate change, environmental taxes, animal ethics, evolutionary biology, gender, multiculturalism, and enhancement.

    ORCID

    : orcid.org/0000-0002-9227-6025

    RESEARCHER ID

    : F-6525-2016
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    Catalán Bernabé, Gustau
    Research Professor at
    Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (ICN2)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    A common denominator of my work is the search for original physics and emerging effects at the nanoscale. Recently, most of my research has focused on the effects of strain gradients on electrical polarization (a phenomenon known as flexoelectricity); the European Research Council (ERC) has funded me to set up in Barcelona the world's first specialized laboratory dedicated to this phenomenon. Prominent discoveries in this area have been the giant flexoelectricity of semiconductors, and the existence of flexoelectricity in bones, where the effect is thought to play a physiological role in bone repair. In parallel, I have also worked on other nanoscale phenomena, mostly to do with ferroelectric oxides: the physics of domain walls (domain wall nanoelectronics), antiferroelectricity and giant photovoltaic effects in polar materials.   

    Key words

    ferroelectricity, flexoelectricity, piezoelectricity, domain walls, perovskite oxides, metal-insulator transitions, thin films.

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-0214-4828

    RESEARCHER ID

    : D-3233-2015