Els ICREA

Els professors d'investigació ICREA formen una comunitat dinàmica de científics i investigadors de totes les àrees del coneixement, que contribueixen al progrés de la humanitat amb els seus estudis, interpretacions i preguntes. Entreu i descobriu-ne els increïbles descobriments i troballes:

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    Paula Casal
    Casal Ribas, Paula
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    My main field is distributive justice, which is a part of political philosophy that examines how social institutions should distribute benefits and burdens within a family or a nation-state, or across countries or generations. This requires assessing general principles (including equality, priority, and sufficiency) as well as policy responses (such as taxation and public spending proposals) to specific problems like gender inequality, local and global poverty or climate change. I have written from a biologically-informed perspective about gender, nonhuman animals, personhood and the distinction between natural and social inequality. I have also written about more specific issues, such as how to distribute the costs of child-rearing, the right to sea-access for landlocked states, the moral limits on religious and cultural accommodation, xenotransplantation and the Non-Identity Problem, and the distinction medical ethicists draw between therapy and enhancement.

    Key words

    National and international distributive justice, future generations, climate change, environmental taxes, animal ethics, evolutionary biology, gender, multiculturalism, and enhancement.

    ORCID

    : orcid.org/0000-0002-9227-6025

    RESEARCHER ID

    : F-6525-2016
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    Gustau Catalán
    Catalán Bernabé, Gustau
    Research Professor at
    Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (ICN2)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    A common denominator of my work is the search for original physics and emerging effects at the nanoscale. Recently, most of my research has focused on the effects of strain gradients on electrical polarization (a phenomenon known as flexoelectricity); the European Research Council (ERC) has funded me to set up in Barcelona the world's first specialized laboratory dedicated to this phenomenon. Prominent discoveries in this area have been the giant flexoelectricity of semiconductors, and the existence of flexoelectricity in bones, where the effect is thought to play a physiological role in bone repair. In parallel, I have also worked on other nanoscale phenomena, mostly to do with ferroelectric oxides: the physics of domain walls (domain wall nanoelectronics), antiferroelectricity and giant photovoltaic effects in polar materials.   

    Key words

    ferroelectricity, flexoelectricity, piezoelectricity, domain walls, perovskite oxides, metal-insulator transitions, thin films.

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-0214-4828

    RESEARCHER ID

    : D-3233-2015
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    Miguel Ángel Cau
    Cau Ontiveros, Miguel Ángel
    Research Professor at
    Universitat de Barcelona (UB)
    Humanities
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    Research interests

    I am a Mediterranean archaeologist with a major focus on Roman and Late Antique Archaeology, and in pottery studies especially in the analysis of coarse and cooking wares. I have specialised in the study of archaeological ceramics to investigate their provenance, technology, distribution, and consumption using physico-chemical, mineralogical and petrographic techniques. I have a broad interest in the analytical study of ceramic materials including the theoretical foundations of the discipline and in the study of living pottery-making traditions. One of my main interests is to investigate the transformation of the Roman world with a particular interest in the Mediterranean islands. I am a scientific director of excavations, surveys, and ceramic ethnoarchaeology expeditions in the Balearics and Sardinia. I am leading the excavations at the Roman and Late Antique city of Pollentia and the Early Christian complex of Son Peretó (Mallorca). 

    Key words

    archaeology, archaeometry, ethnoarchaeometry, ceramics, cooking wares, coarse wares, Late Antiquity, Roman, Mediterranean, island systems, Balearics, complex societies.

    ORCID

    : orcid.org/0000-0002-1138-157X

    RESEARCHER ID

    : M-2062-2014
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    Andrea Cerutti
    Cerutti, Andrea
    Research Professor at
    Institut Hospital del Mar d'Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    The splenic marginal zone and gut mucosa can be viewed as interfaces between the immune system and the circulation or external environment, respectively. My group studies how B cells strategically positioned in these "frontline" areas make antibodies against circulating or intraluminal antigens, including intestinal microbes. We are particularly interested in the mechanism whereby splenic stromal cells or splenic innate immune cells, including neutrophils, dendritic cells, macrophages and innate lymphoid cells, facilitate the activation of splenic marginal zone B cells. We are also analyzing how intestinal B cells generate antibodies to commensal bacteria and how these antibodies shape the composition of the gut microbiota. Finally, we study the alterations of B cells in patients with primary antibody deficiency, including selective IgA deficiency and common variable deficiency. Our research is relevant to infections, inflammation, autoimmunity, immunodeficiency, and vaccine development.

    Key words

    B cells, Immunoglobulins, Heavy Chain Class Switching, Mucosal Immunity
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    Darrick Chang
    Chang, Darrick
    Research Professor at
    Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO)
    Experimental Sciences & Mathematics
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    Research interests

    The research of Prof. Chang and his Theoretical Quantum Nanophotonics group at ICFO is based upon a vision that quantum effects are at the forefront of future technologies and discoveries, and that nanophotonic systems will be a prominent platform for this frontier. Specifically, they aim to harness the unique configurability, large optical forces, and strong light-matter interaction strengths achievable in nanophotonic systems to produce new applications and phenomena involving matter and light, which have no analogue in macroscopic setups. The group also develops theoretical techniques that enable a better understanding of the complex phenomena at play. The work is highly inter-disciplinary, and the group explores the potential impact across atomic physics, quantum optics, nonlinear optics, nano-mechanics, low-dimensional materials, and quantum information science. They also collaborate with leading experimental groups to bring their theoretical ideas toward reality.

    Key words

    atomic physics, quantum optics

    ORCID

    : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5426-7339
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    Miguel Chillón
    Chillón Rodríguez, Miguel
    Research Professor at
    Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)
    Life & Medical Sciences
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    Research interests

    Medicine still has many challenges to solve especially on complex diseases where a large number of both, genetic and environmental factors, are involved. Among them, aging-associated diseases and rare disorders have attracted attention because there are no effective curative treatments for them. Some of these diseases affect the central nervous system, which in addition, is difficult to access and to manipulate with classical pharmacological treatments. To address these problems we have focused our research interests on three main objectives: (1) gene therapy strategies for diseases affecting the nervous system, such as rare neuromuscular and neurodegenerative disorders; (2) gene therapy strategies using chronokines for cognitive decline and dementia; and (3) development of more efficient and less immunogenic viral vectors.

    Key words

    Gene therapy, viral vectors, Alzheimer disease, aging, neurodegenerative diseases;mechanisms of memory formation; autoimmune diseases ; Multiple sclerosis

    ORCID

    : 0000-0003-0840-2111